Last updated: 03 February 2023

For information about the Illegal Migration Act 2023, see our Legal Update blog here.

In an asylum or human rights claim, and in some types of immigration applications, you may need to provide objective evidence to the Home Office about your country of origin (or country of normal residence).

You will need to provide this information to the Home Office in support of your application in addition to the information you give in your substantive interview and any other documents that are directly about you.

Read this page to find out what objective country of origin information is, and where you can get it (whether or not you have a lawyer). 

On this page, you will find the following information:

What is objective evidence?

Objective evidence is evidence about your country of origin, or particular people in your country, that is not based on what you or people you know personally say is the situation. 

Objective evidence is evidence from independent, trusted sources such as human rights organisations or well-known and respected media networks.

Country of origin information can also be found in the Home Office’s own country policy and information documents. You can access them here

There are also “country guidance” cases. These are asylum appeals chosen by the immigration tribunal to give legal guidance for a particular country, or a particular group of people in a particular country. To learn more about understanding case law, watch our video about Understanding Case Law by clicking here

This page focuses on human rights reports and trusted journalism.

It is common for information relevant to your case to be found in ‘interest-group’ media sources, such as a political opposition newspaper or a report by a community group affected by the issue. These sources are often not considered as independent and reliable by the courts, because they are ‘on your side’.

Even if you use these less objective sources to first find the information, you should try and find the same information in more mainstream media, for example newspapers with good world/foreign reporting such as The Guardian, Independent, or New York Times, or in a human rights report.

What to do with the information

Watch our video below on Country of Origin evidence to find out what you should do once you have collected your objective evidence.

Key sources of information

hrw world report
USA dept of state

Human rights information – general

Armed forces

War Resisters International


Child labour

Child Soldiers

Constitutions and national legislation

Death Penalty

Ethnic groups and minorities

Internally Displaced People (IDPs)/humanitarian issues

Journalists and media

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex persons

Medical care

Religious Freedom


Female Genital Mutilation